Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the first democratic Republic in the Moslem east appeared as a logic conclusion of the centuries old social-economic, political and cultural development. This Republic emerged as a result of the national awakening and revival processes. The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was the indicator of the political conscience, intellectual and cultural potential, high talent and capability of our nation. The leaders of the Republic- Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh, Fatali Khan Khoysky, Nasib Bey Yusifbeyli, Samad Bey Mehmandarov, Aliaga Shikhlinsky and others had great contributions in proclamation of the independence of Azerbaijan on 28 May 1918 and in establishment and activity of the Democratic Republic. The names of these prominent political leaders, patriotic intellectuals, professional militaries have gone down into the memory of our people forever. The measures implemented in the Country had a great impact on the restoration of the statehood tradition and strengthening of the national conscience. Therefore, even after the collapse of the Republic as a result of the Bolshevik occupation in April 1920, the sense of independence has never abandoned the hearts of Azerbaijanis since the ideas of freedom were deeply enrooted in the minds of people.